Studies: COPD deaths increase, CPAP therapy improves with support from partner

Friday, August 18, 2017

In 2015, 3.2 million people died from COPD worldwide, an increase of 11.6% compared to 1990, according to an article published in the journal The Lancet. There was a decrease in the age-standardized death rate of 41.9%, but this was counteracted by population growth and aging of the global population. From 1990 to 2015, the prevalence of COPD increased by 44.2%, whereas the age-standardized prevalence decreased by 14.7%. Smoking and ambient particulate matter were the main risk factors for COPD followed by household air pollution, occupational particulates, ozone, and secondhand smoke. Together, these risks explained 73.3% of disability-adjusted life years due to COPD…A person’s partner may play a pivotal role in diagnosing sleep apnea and adhering to therapy, suggests a study published in the journal Sleep Health. “Couple-directed interventions that advocate for a mutually engaging perspective and promote supportive relationships and positive dyadic coping may be targets for improving CPAP adherence,” the study states. Researchers found that facilitators to CPAP use were: the partner aiding diagnosis and treatment, couples working together using CPAP, the perceived benefits of CPAP for both partners, the patient being motivated to use CPAP for the benefit of the partner, and various types of support provided by the partner to encourage CPAP use, according to the study.